Wheat or soft wheat (Triticum aestivum) is also known as bread wheat and belongs to the family of sweet grasses (Poaceae). Common wheat is one of the oldest cultivated plants and comes from crossings of various wild grasses.

All sorts of wheat originate in the Near Middle East and have been cultivated for about 10,000 years.

For generating satisfying yields and qualities, wheat makes higher claims on climate, soil and water than other cereals do.

Economically seen, soft wheat is the most important type of wheat and is used for the production of bakery products, malt, animal feed, etc.

Common wheat is grown in the winter as well as in the summer season and reaches a height of 100 cm. The ears of most sorts are not aristate and in a cross-sectional view they are quadratic.