Oats (Avena) are a plant species in the family of sweet grasses. They differ from other cereals in the form of fructification because, unlike others, oats develop panicles instead of spikes.

They prefer a moderate climate with high precipitation and do not place great demands on soil quality. Oats are mainly sown as summer crop in the early spring. As most crop beetles do not multiply in the oats, they are also known as a recovery crop.