Cereals

Maize

Maize (Zea mays) belongs to the family of sweet grasses and has its origins in Mexico. It is the most cultivated agricultural crop. Besides of the main usage as a fodder crop, maize serves as food or as an energy crop.

During the sowing of maize it is important to ensure a soil temperature at planting depth (approx. 5 cm depending on soil quality) of at least 9 ° C. In contrast to that, a late sowing leads to lower yields.

In the German-speaking areas, it is necessary to dry the maize after the harvest. Immediately after the harvest, the maize grain moisture can account up to 35 %. In case of a further processing into foods, a careful drying of the maize grains down to less than 14 % moisture is essential.