The proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) as comparably old cereal plant makes few demands on the ground.

Due to its drought tolerance and efficiency concerning the use of water, millet can be grown on dry, sandy soils. However, its temperature requirements are high and it is highly sensitive to frost. Millet is an extensive culture that needs few nutrients and is relatively immune to diseases or parasites.

As the ripening of the grains in the panicles does not happen simultaneously, millet is harvested prior to the full ripeness. The harvest is brought forward in order to avoid crop losses arising from defaults. Because of the unequal ripening, it is necessary to dry the millet grains.

Arising from the fact that millet is gluten-free, it becomes more and more important for the diet of patients suffering from celiac disease.